Morphological Characterization of 22 Accessions of Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.]

Main Article Content

Kemi Adegboyegun
Fidelis Etuh Okpanachi
Kufre Ededet Akpanikot

Abstract

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan [L] Millsp.) is a multipurpose legume crop that provides food fodder and wood for small scale farmers. However, it remains one of the underutilised crops with limited research done so far for the crop diversification and improvement. In this study, the phenotypic diversity of 22 accessions of pigeon pea was evaluated. The Seeds were collected from ICRISAT Niamey, Niger. The study was carried out at the biological garden and at the central research laboratory of the University of Lagos. Viability test was done on the collected seeds before planting in a polythene pot. The phenotypic traits measured include both the quantitative and qualitative traits. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among accessions for all quantitative traits, except the seed length, seed breadth, seed thickness and the number of germinated seeds per pot. For qualitative traits, seed colour pattern and primary seed colour were diverse, other qualitative traits measured in this study showed moderate level of variation. The results for cluster analysis for both qualitative and quantitative traits grouped the accessions into two major clusters. In all the dendrograms, accessions ISC 147, ISC 24, ISC 157 and ISC 185 were varied and showed good performance for morphological traits analysed as well. The result of the phenotypic diversity observed in this study can help in parental selection for subsequent plant breeding.

Keywords:
Variability, morphological, genetics, food, Cajanus cajan.

Article Details

How to Cite
Adegboyegun, K., Okpanachi, F. E., & Akpanikot, K. E. (2020). Morphological Characterization of 22 Accessions of Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.]. Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, 4(3), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajbgmb/2020/v4i330107
Section
Original Research Article

References

Varshney RK, Penmetsa RV, Dutta S, Kulwal PL, Saxena RK, Data S, Sharma TR, Rosen B, Carrasquilla-Garcia N, Farmer AD, Dubey A, Saxena KB, Gao J, Fakrudin B, Singh MN, Singh BP, Wanjari KB, Yuan M, Srivastava RK, Kilian A, Upadhyaya HD, Mallikarjuna N, Town CD, Bruening GE, He G, May GD, McCombie R, Jackson SA, Singh NK, Cook DR. Pigeon pea genomics initiative (PGI): an international effort to improve crop productivity of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). Molecular Breeding. 2010;26:393– 408.

Choudhary DK, Sharma KP, Gaur RK. Biotechnological perspective of microbes in agro-ecosystems. Biotechnol Lett. 2011;33:1905-1910.

Odeny DA. The potential of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) in Africa. Natural Resources Forum. 2007;31:297-305.

Choudhary AK, Kumar S, Patil BS, Bhat JS, Sharma M. Narrowing yield gaps through genetic improvement for Fusarium wild resistance in three pulse crops of the semi-arid tropics. Breeding Genetics. 2013;45:341–370.

Odeny DA. Microsatellite development and application in Pigeon pea. MSc. diss., Rheinischen-Friedrich Willhelms University. Kisamu; 2006.

Morake TK, Munthali DC, Karikari SK, Amarteifio JO. The composition of pigeon pea grown in Botswana. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 2002;57:173-177.

Amaefule KU, Obioha FC. Performance of pullet chicks fed raw or processed pigeonpea seed meal diets. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2005;17:29-32.

Abdelati KA, Mohammed HAR, Ahmed ME. Influence of feeding processed pigeonpea seeds on broiler chick performance. Journal of Poultry Science. 2009;8(10):971-975.

Saxena RK, Patel K, Kumar CV, Tyagi K, Saxena KB, Varshney RK. Molecular mapping and inheritance of restoration of fertility in A4 hybrid system in pigeon pea. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2018;131:1605-1614.

Ladizinsky G, Hamel A. Seed protein profiles of pigeon pea and some Atylosia species. Euphytica. 1980;29:313-317.

Matthew C, Saxena KB. Prospects for pigeon pea evaluation in drought-prone areas of South Africa, South Africa. Pigeon Pea Newsletter. 2001;8:52-53.

FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy “FAOSTAT”; 2018.

Available:www.fao.org

Sneller CH, Nelson RL, Carter TE, Cui Z. Genetic diversity in crop improvement: The soybean experience. Journal of Crop Imorovement. 2005;14:1-2

Varshney RK, Chen W, Li Y, Bharti AK, Saxena RK, Schlueter JA, Donoghue MT. Draft genome sequence of pigeon pea, an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers. Nature Biotechnology. 2012;30:83–89.

Dansi A, Vodouhè R, Azokpota P, Yedomonhan H, Assogba P, Adjatin A, Loko YL, Dossou-Aminon I, Akpagana K. Diversity of the neglected and underutilized crop species of importance in Benin. Science World Journal. 2012;19:932- 947.

Zavinon F, Adoukonou-Sagbadja H, Ahoton L, Vodouhè R, Ahanhanzo C. Quantitative Analysis, Distribution and traditional management of pigeon pea landraces’ diversity in Southern Benin. European Scientific Journal. 2018;14:184-211.

Upadhyaya HD, Reddy KN, Gowda CLL, Singh S. Phenotypic diversity in the pigeonpea core collection. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 2007;54:1167–1184.

Manyasa EO, Silim SN, Githiri SM, Christiansen JL. Diversity in Tanzanian pigeonpea landraces and their response to environments. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 2008;55: 379–387.

Joshi BK, Bimb HP, Gauchan D, Bajracharya J, Shrestha P, Upadhyay MP. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Pigeon Pea. BSN E-Bulletin. 2009;1:16-17.

Saxena RK, Prathima C, Saxena KB, Hoisington DA, Singh NK, Varshney RK. Novel SSR markers for polymorphism detection in pigeon pea. Plant Breeding. 2010;129:142–148.

Njung’e V, Deshpande S, Siambi M, Jones R, Silim S, Villiers S. SSR genetic diversity assessment of popular pigeon pea varieties in Malawi reveals unique fingerprints. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. 2016;21:65–71.

Bohra A, Jha R, Pandey G, Patil PG, Saxena RK, Singh IP, Singh D, Mishra RK, Mishra A, Singh F, Varshney RK, Singh NP. New Hypervariable SSR Markers for Diversity Analysis, Hybrid Purity Testing and Trait Mapping in Pigeon pea. Frontier of Plant Science. 2017;8:370-377

Mula M, Saxena K, Rathore A, Kumar R. Response of A x B and A x R CMS-Lines of hybrid pigeon pea on spacing in late sown condition. Green Farming. 2011;2:379-381.

Reddy SS, Bhaduri SK, Sen SK. Infrared spectra of alkali treated juice stick. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 1990;41:1-2.

Manyasa EO, Silim SN, Christiansen JL. Variability patterns in Ugandan pigeon pea landraces. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research. 2009;16:9-11.

Saxena KB, Sharma D. Pigeon pea: Genetics. In: Nene YL, Hall SD, Shiela VK (editions) The pigeon pea. C.A.B. International, Wallingford, UK. 1990;18:44–87.

Reddy LJ, Chandra S, Pooni H, Bramel PJ. Rate of outcrossing in pigeon pea under intercropped conditions. In: Bramel PJ (editions) Assessing the risk of losses in biodiversity in traditional cropping systems: A case study of Pigeon pea in Andhra Pradesh. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Patancheru. 2004;168:502-324.