Kinetics of Crude Peroxidase from the Rind of Watermelon Fruit
Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology,
Aims: To study the kinetics of crude peroxidase from the rind of watermelon fruit in various assay conditions.
Study Design: In vitro enzyme assay.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria between October 2015 and January 2016.
Methodology: The activity of the crude peroxidase extracted from the rind of watermelon was determined by measuring the rate of oxidation of KI at 25oC in a 3.0 ml reaction mixture which contained 2.3 ml of 25 mM - 400 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 3.5-6.0), 0.2 ml of 2 mM KI, 0.1ml of the crude peroxidase, and 0.2 ml of varying concentrations of chlorpromazine (0.01 mM - 0.1 mM). In all cases, 0.2 ml of 0.01 mM – 1 mM H2O2 was added last to initiate the reaction. Only one parameter was varied per assay. Assays were done in five replicates. The initial velocity of the crude peroxidase for KI oxidation was determined using the absorbance at 353 nm.
Results: The concentration of H2O2 that generated an optimal activity for the crude peroxidase extracted was 0.2 mM, while a pH of 5.5 was optimal for the crude enzyme. The activity of the crude enzyme increased proportionately within a buffer concentration range of 25 mM and 400 mM. Chlorpromazine (0.01 mM - 0.1 mM) proportionately increased the enzyme activity, while promethazine within a range of 0.01 mM and 0.06 mM proportionally increased the enzyme activity. Further increase in promethazine concentration beyond 0.6 mM resulted in a decreased activity of the enzyme.
Conclusion: This study suggests that the Rind of watermelon is an alternative source of peroxidase. The activity of this peroxidase can be enhanced by high buffer concentrations in the presence of some redox mediators like promethazine and chlorpromazine at a pH of 5.5.
How to Cite
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