Study of Genetic Analysis of Physiological Attributes under Normal and Drought Conditions in Gossypium hirsutum L.
Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology,
The aim of this study was to identify the suprior cotton genotypes with improved physiological characteristics under drought conditions. On the bais of root-shoot charcteristics, five genoypes of G. hirsutum were identified as drought tolerant and three genotypes screened out as drought susceptible. The field screening experiment were carried out to validate the findigs of root-shoot screening sudy on the basis of physiological as well as agronomical chracteristics. Both drought tolerant and susceptible genotypes were grown in glass house in pots and followed line x tester mating desighn to cross these genotyps. Parents with their fiftenn offsprings were grown in field conditions in very next cotton season for further analysis. Analysis of variance showed the existence of significant variations among the accessions for all the physiological parameters i.e, osmotic potential, relative water content, cell injury, leaf water potential, excised leaf water loss, stomatal conductance, photosynthesis rate and transpiration rate. Further, among parents line, MS-64 and tester, BH-176 showed superior performance under water scarce conditions. Among the crosses COOKER-315 x Cyto-62 and GS-444 x MPS-11 were better perfomed for high yielding parametrs. The results showed that these two combinations might be helpful to develop drought resistant germplasm on large scale.
- Gossypium hirsutum L.
- Genetic analysis
- Line × Tester
How to Cite
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