Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2021-04-10T00:32:43+00:00 Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biolog Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Biochemistry, Genetics&nbsp;and&nbsp;Molecular Biology (ISSN: 2582-3698)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJBGMB/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>). The area of interest of AJBGMB includes but not restricted to all aspects of&nbsp; Biochemistry,&nbsp;Genetics and Molecular Biology. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Evaluation of the Phytochemicals, Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Compositions of Fresh, Sprouted and Toasted Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon) Seed Extracts 2021-04-10T00:32:43+00:00 Titilayo O. Bamidele Haruna G. Sunday Auta Mathew Jesse Ombugadu Abdullahi Maryam <p>The current study evaluated the Phytochemicals Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Compositions of Fresh, Sprouted and Toasted <em>Citrullus lanatus</em> (Watermelon) Seed extracts. The phytochemicals, proximate, amino acids, microminerals and antinutrients compositions were determined following standard laboratory procedures in autoanalizer machines. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by LSD and Duncan test for levels of significance. Results revealed the presence of Tannins, Saponins, Flavonoids, Alkaloids, Cardiac glycosides, Terpenoids in the three samples but anthroquinones was absent in sprouted and toasted watermelon seeds. Saponins (2.15&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.07 mg/100 g), Tannins (40.63&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.13 mg/100 g) Cyanogenic glycosides (3.55&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.35 mg/100 g). There was no significant (P&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05) difference in the concentrations of the phytochemicals in all the samples except for cyanogenic glycosides which was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) higher in the fresh sample. Percentage protein (24.87&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.48) was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) higher in the sprouted sample, ash (%) (2.63&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.11) was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) lower in the sprouted, fibre (20.64&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.23) and moisture (%) (2.88&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.19) was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) lower in the toasted and carbohydrates (%) (9.81&nbsp;±&nbsp;1.27) was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) higher in the sprouted. Results obtained for Amino acids and mineral analyses showed no significant (P&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05) difference in the three samples and Phytates (0.31&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.01%) were significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) higher in the fresh sample while oxalates (0.85&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.01%) was significantly (P&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05) higher in the sprouted sample. The fresh, sprouted and toasted watermelon seeds may possess nutritional and health benefit by the virtue of their richness in phytochmicals, microminerals and amino acids, however the safety of the fresh sample is not guaranteed due to its high concentration of anti-nutrients.</p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Garlic (Allium sativum L.): Overview on its Biology and Genetic Markers Available for the Analysis of Its Diversity in West Africa 2021-04-10T00:32:43+00:00 Timothée Kouassi Agbo So Rabiou Abdou Idi Saidou Sani Abdoul Karim Toudou Yacoubou Bakasso <p>Garlic belongs to the <em>Allium</em> genus, which includes more than 750 species divided into more than 60 taxonomic groups. It is cultivated in many countries throughout the world for the bulb and used as a spice and functional food. The plant vegetatively propagates. This review will focus on origins, biology, analysis of genetic diversity, pharmacological properties of garlic. It appears from this synthesis that the <em>Allium sativum</em> species is derived from <em>Allium longicuspis</em> and is native to Central Asia. Studies on the analysis of genetic diversity through morphological markers revealed a wide variation in the color, shape and number of cloves and the ability to flower. Biochemical markers such as Esterase (EST), Phosphoglucomutase (PGI), Malate Deshydrogenase (MDH), and Diaphorase (DIA as well as molecular markers such as <em>Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA</em> (RAPD), <em>restriction fragment length polymorphism</em> (RFLP), <em>Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism</em> (AFLP), and <em>Simple Sequence Repeats</em> (SSRS) <em>Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat</em> (ISSR) were successfully used. RFLPs or RAPD are the most used for assessing genetic variability within asexually reproducing garlic species. Work using SSRs markers is limited in garlic relative to other crops.</p> 2021-03-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##